The Nest

NestApple's Real Estate Blog

Featuring real estate articles and information to help real estate buyers and sellers. The Nest features writings from Georges Benoliel and other real estate professionals. Georges is the Co-Founder of NestApple and has been working as an active real estate investor for over a decade.

How to do a 1031 Exchange in NYC

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1031 Exchange in NYCThis post will teach you how to execute a 1031 exchange in NYC through exploring. A 1031 exchange, also known as a “Like-Kind” exchange or a “Starker Exchange,” is a formidable tax-deferment strategy that savvy investors use in real estate dealings. In 2018, 1031 exchange rules and timelines were more and more common due to the perceived housing bubble developing. Thus, more and more people are looking to sell property, make money but not be taxed on this money. Therefore, if you are looking into what a 1031 exchange in NYC is, thinking about executing one, look no further and continue reading!

Therefore, if you are looking into what a 1031 exchange in NYC.

  • Explaining what a 1031 exchange is
  • Rules of a 1031 exchange
  • When could a 1031 exchange benefit me?
  • Why is a 1031 beneficial in the short and long run?
  • How to execute a 1031 exchange right now


“Like-Kind” exchange or a “Starker Exchange” 1031 exchange


execute a 1031 exchangeFirst, let’s break down the name:

    1. The term 1031 comes from the IRS tax code, section 1031.
    2. The “exchange” part comes from taking capital gains from selling a property and putting that money into a “like-kind” property without paying taxes on those capital gains. (We will discuss what constitutes a “like-kind” property below.)
    3. Initially, the exchange came from literally trading your property for someone else’s, straight up – today called a “simultaneous” exchange. However, not only is that rare, most 1031 exchanges are “delayed” 1031 exchanges, which is the exchange we will be discussing in this post.

However, there are different types of exchanges, so let’s explore one other relevant type before tackling the most common – “delayed exchange” – one.

Improvement/Construction Exchange

This exchange comes in handy when you want to improve an acquired property with the capital gains of your previous property without paying taxes on that money. There are a few rules with this exchange.

  1. The total exchange equity on the completion of the property by the 180th day
  2. If you do not spend the money for completed construction by the 180th day, you must have spent the money for a down payment on the property.

Rules of a 1031 (delayed) exchange

When most people talk about 1031 exchange rules, they are talking about a “delayed” exchange. But, like most things, there are rules and regulations you must follow to execute a 1031 in NYC properly.


The property you are putting the capital gains into must be of a “like-kind.” The IRS describes a “like-kind property as one “of the same nature, character, or class. Quality or grade does not matter. Most real estate will be like-kind to another real estate. For example, real property improved with a residential rental house is like-kind to vacant land”. In other words, you cannot relinquish machinery and use that money to fund a replacement apartment building.

But you could exchange:

  • Single-family home for an office building.
  • Multi-family complex for a rental home. And much, much more.

The IRS’s bottom line is pretty lenient as far as what like-kind property is as long as it is a property. An important note: All properties must in the exchange be a U.S. property, not from a foreign country.


If the hope is to pay absolutely no tax on your capital gains, the IRS demands the (net) market price plus any equity be the baseline for your next property. For example, let’s say you are selling a $1 million home with a mortgage of $250,000. The “like-kind” property must be at least $1 million in value, and you will have to carry over the $250,000 mortgage. Any brokerage fees, real estate taxes also factor into this number.


This rule is self-explanatory but the one most people get tripped upon. The most common is you cannot swap primary residences. For example, let’s say you are moving from Wyoming to New York. You cannot exchange your primary residence in Wyoming for a new one in New York. However, let’s say you own a rental property in Arizona. You can swap that for a vacation house in California (again of equal or greater value). Lastly, here are a few other types of property which do not fall under a 1031 such as:

  • Land under development
  • Inventory property
  • Property held for resale
  • Notes and bonds


Simply put, the relinquished property title names need to be the same on the acquired replacement property. For example, if a husband and wife own a home and try to execute a 1031 exchange in NYC for a new home, they need to be deeded on the new property. This is the same as LLC. ‘s, corporations, etc. The titles need to match regardless. Again a simple rule, however, one that stops some 1031 exchange rules from going through.


Let’s say you want to execute a 1031 exchange in NYC that is of lesser value. “Boot” refers to the difference between the relinquished property and the replaced property. And that difference is taxable. This often happens when an investor wants to make money and is okay paying some taxes on the gains. For example, let’s say you want to sell that $1 million property, but the replaced property is only worth $750,000. The $250,000 is taxable.


6 rules of the 1031 exchangeAnother relatively simple rule that states, post-closing the relinquished property, the investor has 45 days, calendar, not business, to identify up to three like-kind properties. The key here is that they have to hit the requirements above monetarily speaking.

This can become a challenge for some investors because often, properties are over-priced, meaning that when they ultimately close, the EQUAL OR GREATER VALUE rule may not be satisfied. This rule is nullified if one follows the 200% rule. This is when you can identify four or more properties if they do not add up to 200% of the relinquished property value.


This regulation states that the property purchase and exchange must be completed in under 180 days or the due date of the tax return for that tax year (with extensions) in which the property was sold, whichever is earlier.

In other words, if the 180-day limit is after when taxes are due, the exchange must close by the tax return due date, not whenever the 180-day limit is.

1031 Exchange in NYC real estate

NOTE: There are never any extensions on this 180-day limit. If the exchange is not completed within these time frames, the exchange is null and void.


new constructions in new yorkIf you are currently investing in a property that you are looking to sell, this would be perfect for you. To be able to sell a property and put that money directly back into another investment property, all without paying taxes, not only saves you money but allows you to invest in a property that may otherwise be beyond your budget.


couple buying a new constructionsIn the short run, executing a 1031 exchange could help you invest in a bigger and better property right now.

But, in the long run, these 1031 exchanges could be even more advantageous. The more you sell and then put your tax-free money back into a property investment, theoretically, the more properties you can invest in.

For example, if you execute a 1031 exchange in NYC on a single-family home and use that tax-free money to invest into another bigger property, let’s say a two-family rental home, you are now collecting more passive income than you were before. This cycle could continue and give you more assets down the road and give you (and your partner/company) more assets.


If you believe that you are ready to sell an investment property (and have the foresight of another property you may want or location for a property), hire professional help: broker to execute the sale and purchase and attorney to structure itNestApple is here for you, and you will save:

While this is an incredible rule in the IRS code, even life-long real estate investors need assistance. However, once assistance is acquired, the process is usually quite smooth.

Written By: Georges Benoliel

Georges has been working in Wall Street for the last 16 years trading derivatives with hedge funds. He has been an active real estate investor for over a decade. Georges graduated from HEC Business School in Paris and holds a master in Finance from ESADE Barcelona.

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